Will France’s Africa Policy Hold Up?

Sum­ma­ry Dur­ing his first term, French Pres­i­dent Emmanuel Macron sought to revi­tal­ize his country’s diplo­mat­ic out­reach to coun­tries through­out Africa. Some aspects of this piv­ot were designed to more direct­ly address the lega­cy of French colo­nial­ism in Fran­coph­o­ne coun­tries. He also sensed that the grow­ing stature of non-West­­ern pow­ers like Chi­na has giv­en African counterparts…

Trump Administration's Prosper Africa Strategy

Trump Administration’s Prosper Africa Strategy

It was not long ago when for­mer U.S. nation­al secu­ri­ty advis­er, John Bolton, now the sub­ject of a Con­gres­sion­al inves­ti­ga­tion involv­ing Pres­i­dent Don­ald Trump, gave a speech out­lin­ing America’s new strat­e­gy toward the African con­ti­nent. Speak­ing at the Her­itage Foun­da­tion in Wash­ing­ton D.C. on Decem­ber 13, 2018, Bolton said, “The White House is proud to…